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Life exploration

Life exploration

Jun
13

“I’m tired of executing others’ choreography.  I want to learn to see the world” Polina “Polina”, an artistic French movie co-directed by Angelin Preljocaj and Valerie Muller, features a gifted Russian girl trained in classical ballet searching for her ide ...

“I’m tired of executing others’ choreography.  I want to learn to see the world” Polina

“Polina”, an artistic French movie co-directed by Angelin Preljocaj and Valerie Muller, features a gifted Russian girl trained in classical ballet searching for her identity in dancing.  The movie described how Polina was seriously trained by a famous male ballet teacher in Russia during childhood.  She was later being admitted to the Bolshoi Ballet School.  Shortly after the admission, Polina decided to go to Paris with her boyfriend to explore new way of dancing.  Although Polina faced a lot of obstacles in her search for identity, she had committed her passion in pursuing modern dance and choreography.

According to a renowned psychologist Erik Homberger Erikson, the key elements of ego identity in adolescence is Identity versus Role Confusion.  During adolescence, a person has an identity synthesis with an emerging new identity configuration.  With common social domains of identity expression, work roles, ideological values, relationships and sexuality; a key outcome of an optimal resolution is the capacity to make identity-defining commitments and follow them over time.

James Marcia, a psychologist well known for elaborating Erikson’s stage of Identity versus Role Confusion, proposed two dimensions, exploration and commitment.  Marcia stated that there are four identity statuses: Foreclosure (low exploration, high commitment), Diffusion (low exploratiion, low commitment), Moratorium (high exploration, low commitment), Achievement (high exploration, high commitment).  Those in the Achievement status have undertaken meaningful identity explorations before committing themselves to personally important adult work roles and ideological values.  Those in the Foreclosure status are based on identifications with significant others, adopted without significant identity exploration.

Polina’s identity status is probably the Achievement status, she is brave enough to give up contiuing a career in classical ballet and explore her own way of performing dancing through exploration.  She also has high level of commitment in pursuing her career development once she has choosen a way of her own in dancing.  From adolescence to adulthood, a person needs to explore in different life domains in order to have a holistic identity emerging.  As parents, it is more appropriate to let children to explore before choosing a narrow path too soon.

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What is reality?

What is reality?

May
10

Can you read the paragraph in a meaningful sense?  Most of us do.  Isn’t it interesting that even only if the first and the last letters of a word is correct, we can read the whole paragraph and be able to grasp the meaning of it.  What is the brain mechanism underlying this phe ...

Can you read the paragraph in a meaningful sense?  Most of us do.  Isn’t it interesting that even only if the first and the last letters of a word is correct, we can read the whole paragraph and be able to grasp the meaning of it.  What is the brain mechanism underlying this phenomenon?

According to David Eagleman, author of the book, “The Brain”, instead of using one’s senses to perceive the objective reality from scratch every moment, one tends to compare sensory information with a model that the brain has already constructed.  That is why we only process part of the sensory information of the stimulus and using our existing database in the brain to construct the whole picture.  In fact, our database in the brain is largely depends of our whole history of life experience. This means that no one is having an experience of the objective reality that really exists; each creature perceives only what it has evolved to perceive.  In this sense, it would be better if we suspend our first impression or immediate judgment of something or someone because we are usually not seeing the objective reality in the first place.

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Helping family members or friends

Helping family members or friends

Mar
22

I am excited to launch the new website of CCPS.  I hope we could provide visitors of this website more resources on psychological health.  In February 2017, I retired from the Guardianship Board of the HKSAR after serving for six years.  As a member, I attended hearings regularly for ...

I am excited to launch the new website of CCPS.  I hope we could provide visitors of this website more resources on psychological health.  In February 2017, I retired from the Guardianship Board of the HKSAR after serving for six years.  As a member, I attended hearings regularly for the applications of Guardianship Orders for mentally incapacitated persons.  The care of mentally incapacitated persons is always important for our society. 

In my clinical experience, many people with mental illness are not aware of their treatment needs.  As a result, they cannot obtain effective intervention for their problems timely.  If you have a family member or friend suffering from mental or psychological problems and is not aware the need for seeking treatment, you may try to understand his/her major concerns in life and suggest that someone like a psychologist may be able to help her to deal with the major concerns.  You may avoid pinpointing that he/she may have mental illness to prevent him/her being too defensive.  If you have any questions regarding helping your loved ones, please feel free to contact us.

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Pets and Positive Psychology (1)

Pets and Positive Psychology (1)

Nov
8

There are many animal lovers keeping pets in Hong Kong. Pets are not only playmates for them, but are also their family members. They always make us happy. Some research found that keeping pets could enhance our health both physically and mentally. Dog is one of the most popular types of pets in ...

There are many animal lovers keeping pets in Hong Kong. Pets are not only playmates for them, but are also their family members. They always make us happy. Some research found that keeping pets could enhance our health both physically and mentally.

Dog is one of the most popular types of pets in Hong Kong due to their adorable appearance and pleasant characteristics. According to a research conducted by American Heart Association in 2013, dog owners may engage in more physical activity than non-dog owners. It could help reduce their cardiovascular risks. Moreover, pet owners may have lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as well as a lower incidence of obesity. [1]

Other than benefiting our body, owning pets can also enhance our mental health. We can gain positive experiences by interacting with our pets. These positive experiences lead to positive emotions, boosting mental energy accordingly. Moreover, we could develop close attachment with our pets from the accumulative positive experiences and emotions. Psychologists point out that humans have certain inherent psychological needs. One of them, which is called ‘relatedness’, refers to feeling related with others and experiencing care. It may bring us positive outcomes, such as enhancing well-being, if these needs are satisfied. Developing attachment with pets and making them be our significant ones in life can make ‘relatedness’ satisfied. It could help us accomplish psychological needs and have a better social life. There are foreign charities providing companionship to senior individuals through pet ownership. This win-win idea can save the lives of companion animals in shelter by giving them a new caring home, and bring an adorable companion with happiness to the elderly at the same time.

This article has introduced the advantages that pets bring to us physically and mentally. Please look forward to our next article which will further talk about how pets bring us happiness in next week.

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Positive ageing

Positive ageing

Jun
3

The quality of some old age homes in Hong Kong has been questioned in recent few weeks after a report on disrespectful act on the elderly in one was made.  This triggers many Hongkongers’ worries about ageing and care-taking resources in the end stage of their lives. Researchers in the ...

The quality of some old age homes in Hong Kong has been questioned in recent few weeks after a report on disrespectful act on the elderly in one was made.  This triggers many Hongkongers’ worries about ageing and care-taking resources in the end stage of their lives.

Researchers in the Chinese University of Hong Kong and City University of Hong Kong published a qualitative study in 2006 on the views of middle-aged and older adults on positive ageing in Hong Kong.  By engaging ninety-five people aged 40 or more from all walks of life in fifteen focus groups, they found that the dimensions of positive ageing are good health, having a positive attitude, active participation, social support from family and friends and financial security.  For good health, the majority thinks it means being able to be independent in self-care with good mobility.   Having a good attitude is also important as it means having a sense of purpose in life and generally feeling content.  Positive ageing also means having active participation in different types of activities including hobbies or learning.  Support from spouses, children or other family members is also very important for maintaining good mental health.  Being financial independent is also viewed as very important for attaining a content and positive life in old age. 

How could one achieve positive ageing?  The researchers found that the first and important step is to start to prepare for old age earlier in one’s life.  For those who start earlier in financial planning and changing into a healthier lifestyle, the probability of achieving positive ageing increase.  The second step is to take the action to start a healthy lifestyle, such as having healthier diet and regular physical exercise.  Thirdly, to keep a positive attitude towards ageing is also very important.  Perceiving ageing as the golden age of the one’s life for enjoyment is beneficial to ones’ mental health.  Another good investment for old age is the development of good family and interpersonal relationships earlier in ones’ life.  The close bonding between family members and friends provides tremendous emotional support when ones facing all sorts of difficulties and ill health in old age.  Last but not least, the building up of financial resources and establishment of ones’ preferred living arrangement are also important for cultivating positive ageing.  If we have better planning and more positive attitude, positive ageing is not difficult to achieve.

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